Forest CDM in indonesia
 

INDONESIA
RAIN
FOREST

Indonesia’s biodiversity richness is made possible by several factors: it is located between two continents (Asia and Australia) and two oceans (Pacific and Indian) and it has a unique geographical feature (State Ministry of Environment, 1997). Indonesia is an archipelago of more than 17,500 islands extending 5,000 km along the equator and spanning two major biogeographical realms (Indomalaya and Australasia) with the Wallace Line in between, as well as several distinct biogeographical provinces. As a result, Indonesia is not only a megabiodiversity country but also has a high level of endemism.

Many of Indonesia's forests include in Tropical Rain Forest is a complex community whose framework is provided by trees of many sizes.Forest canopy is used as a general one to describe the total plant community above the ground. Within the canopy the microclimate differs from that. outside; there is less light, humidity is higher, and temperature is lower. Many of the smaller trees grow in the shade of the larger ones in the microclimate that these produce. Upon the framework of the tree and within the microclimate of the canopy grow a range of other kinds of plants: climbers, epiphytes, strangling, plants parasites, and saprophytes. The trees and most of the other plants are rooted in the soil and draw nutrients and water from it. Their fallen leaves, twigs, branches, and other parts provide; food for a host of invertebrate animals, amongst which termites are often important, and for fungi and bacteria. Nutrients are returned to the soil via decay of fallen parts and by leaching from the leaves by rain-water. It is a feature of tropical rain forest that most of the total nutrient store is in the vegetation; relatively little is held in the soil.

Indonesia’s forests are an extraordinary natural phenomenon, of immense value and beauty. Over ten per cent of the planet’s diversity of plants and animals are found only in Indonesia, including orangutan, elephants, tigers, rhinoceros, a thousand species of birds, and thousands of plant species. The archipelago is also home to hundreds of indigenous groups who have lived from and managed Indonesia’s forests for thousands of years. The forests provide food, medicines, building materials and clothing fibers, not only for indigenous communities, but also for world markets. Indonesia also possesses more endangered species than any other country in the world largely because of deforestation.
 




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Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in developing countries
 
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The Procedure Of Implementation Afforestation And Reforestation Project Under The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) In Indonesia.

by : Dr. Gun Mardiatmoko (gum_mardi@yahoo.com) (HP:+6281904227676)

IV. CONCLUSIONS

1. Indonesian forest with mega biodiversity, is very potential for the implementation of carbon trading schemes, i.e. the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) scheme, Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) scheme and Voluntary scheme.

2. The afforestation & reforestation project under the CDM is very flexible because it can be done at forest area, forest community area, state forest area and private land. Land use change that can be done in the afforestation & reforestation project under the CDM is conversion from agriculture, wetland, settlement area, ranch area or prairie to forest.

3. There is 11 steps to implement afforesation and reforestation project under the CDM in Indonesia.

4. The afforestation & reforestation project under the CDM can be done well if there is big support from NGO or international institution. It is important thing, because Indonesia is lack of finance sources and has no experiences in implementation the Forestry CDM.

5. Knowledge and skills of human resources in Indonesia is ready to implement of the Forestry-CDM, mainly if there is support from developed country (Annex I).

6. Ideally, it is better if we can start to implement the pilot project of the Forestry CDM minimum 6 units (in West Indonesia 2 units, Central Indonesia 2 units and East Indonesia 2 units).

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Source :
The Procedure Of Implementation Afforestation And Reforestation Project Under The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) In Indonesia.

by : Dr. Gun Mardiatmoko (gum_mardi@yahoo.com).
FORESTRY DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, PATTIMURA UNIVERSITY. 2009