Forest CDM in indonesia
 

CDM
In Indonesia


INDONESIA
RAIN
FOREST

Indonesia’s biodiversity richness is made possible by several factors: it is located between two continents (Asia and Australia) and two oceans (Pacific and Indian) and it has a unique geographical feature (State Ministry of Environment, 1997). Indonesia is an archipelago of more than 17,500 islands extending 5,000 km along the equator and spanning two major biogeographical realms (Indomalaya and Australasia) with the Wallace Line in between, as well as several distinct biogeographical provinces. As a result, Indonesia is not only a megabiodiversity country but also has a high level of endemism.

Many of Indonesia's forests include in Tropical Rain Forest is a complex community whose framework is provided by trees of many sizes.Forest canopy is used as a general one to describe the total plant community above the ground. Within the canopy the microclimate differs from that. outside; there is less light, humidity is higher, and temperature is lower. Many of the smaller trees grow in the shade of the larger ones in the microclimate that these produce. Upon the framework of the tree and within the microclimate of the canopy grow a range of other kinds of plants: climbers, epiphytes, strangling, plants parasites, and saprophytes. The trees and most of the other plants are rooted in the soil and draw nutrients and water from it. Their fallen leaves, twigs, branches, and other parts provide; food for a host of invertebrate animals, amongst which termites are often important, and for fungi and bacteria. Nutrients are returned to the soil via decay of fallen parts and by leaching from the leaves by rain-water. It is a feature of tropical rain forest that most of the total nutrient store is in the vegetation; relatively little is held in the soil.

Indonesia’s forests are an extraordinary natural phenomenon, of immense value and beauty. Over ten per cent of the planet’s diversity of plants and animals are found only in Indonesia, including orangutan, elephants, tigers, rhinoceros, a thousand species of birds, and thousands of plant species. The archipelago is also home to hundreds of indigenous groups who have lived from and managed Indonesia’s forests for thousands of years. The forests provide food, medicines, building materials and clothing fibers, not only for indigenous communities, but also for world markets. Indonesia also possesses more endangered species than any other country in the world largely because of deforestation.
 




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The Procedure Of Implementation Afforestation And Reforestation Project Under The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) In Indonesia.

by : Dr. Gun Mardiatmoko (gum_mardi@yahoo.com) (HP:+6281904227676)

III. 11 STEPS TO IMPLEMENT AFFORESTATION AND REFORESTATION PROJECT UNDER THE CDM IN INDONESIA

1. Developer makes project proposal of the afforestration and reforestation project under the CDM and send the proposal to Ministry of Forestry of Republic of Indonesia, in Jakarta (Outline of project proposal can be seen in Annex A).

2. Ministry of Forestry of Republic of Indonesia checks on the project proposal and gives guidance of project proposal improvement, also gives an information letter to the National Committee of the CDM that the project proposal from developer has a contribution to implement the sustainable development in forestry.

3. After finishing with final project proposal, developer makes the Project Design Document and sends the document to the National Committee of the CDM and Ministry of Forestry (Outline of the Project Design Document can be seen in Annex B).

4. The National Committee of the CDM will verify the accuracy and feasibility of the Project Design Document. If the project is good and feasible, the National Committee will make a recommendation that the project proposal has a contribution to implement the sustainable development in forestry.

5. After receive the recommendation at step 4, developer can make a request of the Operational Entity to examine or to test the Project Design Document. The Operational Entity is an independent institution which established by the Executive Board of the CDM.



6. The Operational Entity sends the test result of the Project Design Document to the Executive Board of the CDM.

7. Based on the test result of the Project Design Document from the Operational Entity, the Executive Board of the CDM makes decision that developer can implement his project.

8. Developer must implement all of project activity monitoring and to send progress report to the Operational Entity.

9. Based on the progress report of project activity monitoring from developer, the Operational Entity implements verifications.

10. If the result of verification is good and complete, the Operational Entity proposes that the Executive Board of the CDM to establish a Certificate of Emission Reductions (CERs) for developer respective.

11. Developer must make the progress report of project activity periodically to the Ministry of Forestry in Jakarta.

(Sources: Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan /Forestry Regulation, No. P.14/Menhut-II/2004, 5 th October 2004).

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Source :
The Procedure Of Implementation Afforestation And Reforestation Project Under The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) In Indonesia.

by : Dr. Gun Mardiatmoko (gum_mardi@yahoo.com).
FORESTRY DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, PATTIMURA UNIVERSITY. 2009