REDD - Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in which from herewith shall be referred to as REDD means all forest management activities in order to prevent and or decrease the deterioration of forest cover quantity and carbon stock through various activities to support sustainable national development.

Deforestation means the permanent alteration from forested area into a non-forested area as a result of human activities.

Forest degradation means the deterioration of forest cover quantity and carbon stock during a certain period of time as a result of human activities.

Reference Emission Level means the level of emission from deforestation and forest degradation in the condition of no existing REDD scheme and can be determined based on historical trend or future development scenario.

Carbon trading means trading service activities from forest management activities which results the reduction of emission from deforestation and forest degradation.

The aim of an REDD activity is to prevent and reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in order to enhance forest management.

The objective of an REDD activity is to reduce the occurrence of deforestation and forest degradation in order to achieve sustainable forest management and to increase the welfare of the people.


Causes of climate change
Impact Global Warming
Limited Global Warming
Agreement on global warming
Analyzing global warming
Kyoto Protocol
Greenhouse effect
Scientific research
Why climates vary
Ocean problems
Southern Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Ozone hole
Environmental problems by petroleum
Changes in the atmosphere
Increasing Temperatures
Can Earth Explode ?
NASA Study
El Nino
The Procedure Of Implementation Afforestation And Reforestation Project Under The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) In Indonesia


Rizaldi Boer
Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management
(C-CROM-SEAP) - Bogor Agricultural University
E-mail: rizaldiboer@gmail.com Cell Phone: +62-811117660

National Policies

• Many policies and programs already exist to reduce deforestation and forest degradation. Five priority programs described in Forestry Strategic Plan for 2005- 2009 under the Ministerial Decree Number P.04/Menhut- II/2005 are closely connected with avoiding deforestation and forest degradation. The five programs include
– Combating illegal logging
– Revitalization of forestry sector
– Conservation and rehabilitation of forest resources
– Empowering the economic of the community within and surround the of forest area by giving more access to forest resources such as development of community forest and community plantation forest, development of NTFP utilization, development of buffer zone area surround the conservation areas, and development of social forestry.
– Stabilization of forest area for promoting and strengthening the sustainable forest management.

Main Problems to reduce deforestation

• One of the main problems affecting the effective implementation of existing national policies particularly the one related to reduction of deforestation is decentralization.
– Local governments have authority over land use planning but they do not have direct access to decision related to the release of forest lands.

• The issuance of Act No. 26/2007 on Spatial Plan Regulation (UU Penataan Ruang) and Act No. 41/99 on Forestry (UU Pokok Kehutanan) state that the total forest area that must be maintained is at least 30% of the total area of the watershed and/or island considering the condition of the ecosystem
– About 538 proposals from districts to the Ministry of Forestry to release more of forest land for other land uses.

Supporting policies and regulation for REDD

• The introduction of REDD into Indonesia provides the opportunity for local government to earn income from maintaining their forested land through re-examining their spatial plan
– Reconstruct the spatial plans to ensure the greatest level of harmony possible between the functional land use zoning that is required under local government spatial planning and the functional land planning and management of forest areas within the Forest Estate.
• GoI has issued Act 26/2007 which requires local governments to progressively revise their spatial plans (Act 26/2007) and the Government Regulations PP 6/2007 and its revision PP 3/2008, a framework for licensing the use of forest land for a range of environmental services as well as timber products for local and national governments.
– PP6 and PP3 also accommodate a greater range of community interests through licenses for Community Plantation Forests (HTR), Community Forests (HKm) and Customary Forests (Hutan Adat). This may be effective to reduce poverty.


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